Three things a horse would like to tell you about
Three things a horse would like to tell you about
If you love horses and want to work and communicate with them, it is important to learn to understand them – not just know how to get them to do something, find out how they think and how they learn.
There are three fundamental things that our horses would like to tell us.
1. A horse is a victim animal. You are a predator
This information, of course, is not new. A horse is a victim animal. What worries her most is that she can be trapped and eaten. At the forefront for horses is their safety and the safety of the herd.
People are predators. We like to “catch” horses and control them. We often keep horses on a hard bonnet, or we drag them by the mouth for a reason, without “softening” it as often as we should. However, we can be less like a predator, act as partners. And the sagging of a chombur, when we are leading a horse, or work based on the principle of “take, take, give” instead of “take, take, take (pull, pull, pull)” are just a couple of examples that can be cited.
The less often you catch a horse “in a trap”, the less you try to totally control it, the more often it will see you as a partner and leader of the herd. If the horse considers you a leader or partner, it will be more likely to trust you and seek cooperation with you.
When you are working with a horse, try using signals that do not include excessive pressure with the halter / wand because it is a “trap” for the horse. Try using your body language when you need to give it signals from the ground, and when you are in the saddle, your seat and leg are larger than your arm.
If your horse is scared, remember that she is a victim animal, and fear is normal for her. Try to stay relaxed and be patient. Gently ask the horse to continue to do the work that you did before you gave her the opportunity to stop or slow down to examine the horse-eater. Remember that if the horse’s reaction to a “terrible” object is a stop or a slowdown, then this is good, because the reaction could well be a run (spacing). Do not scold the horse if she wants to stop when she is scared. A couple of seconds will be enough, then gently return her attention to yourself and continue training.
2. Horses need borders but don’t need punishment
Horses can become very dominant or very nervous if a person does not set clear boundaries. This means that if you simply allow the horse to do what she wants (to go wherever she wants, push you and other people, change direction without permission, working on the cord, etc.), she will eventually begin to think that the person is not draws attention to her behavior, and if so, he is not a leader, next to whom it is safe, which can protect.
Horses usually respond to permissiveness in two ways: they either start to get nervous and scared, or become arrogant and dominant.
But how to set boundaries?
Protect your personal space (do not let the horse push you or “walk over you”), do not let the horse grab you or your clothes, and always insist on your own (for example, if you ask the horse to turn left, make sure you keep asking for a left turn until she obeys and turns).
Just because a horse needs specific boundaries does not mean that it also needs to be punished.
Horses do not understand the punishment – they are not like dogs or people – the punishment simply does not work.
I will give an example. The horse refuses to jump, and the rider in response deals a couple of blows with a whip on its croup. The horse does not understand that the rider is punishing her for refusing to jump. Instead, the horse loses confidence in the rider and, as a rule, does one of two things:
1) tries to get rid of the horseman, because she does not like when she is beaten (she will start to scream or shine);
2) frightened and begins to rush to an obstacle, knock down poles (like an animal-victim, she runs from danger).
If the rider constantly punishes the horse for failures, it can become quite dangerous, deciding that jumping is not a pleasant job, but constant beating. The horse will begin to really carry to the barrier, hard to try to get rid of the rider, get a little goat, shine, etc.
Instead, the rider must remember that the horse does not understand the punishment. The rider can deal with this situation in a completely different way. For example, if the horse refused, the rider can give her the opportunity to consider the obstacle (if she really was scared), then go at him with a lynx (not from the step, because the step means “good work, you can rest and relax”), and try to jump again time. The rider can do this as many times as necessary until the horse jumps. Once the horse has jumped, you can step over and stroke it in the withers and neck. So you make the horse understand that she did the right thing.
If the rider will cope with every failure in this way, the horse will never learn to shine, scapegoat or rush to an obstacle. IN…