When to castrate
The testicles of a normal stallion descend from the abdomen into the scrotum during birth. Castration can be performed immediately after birth, but usually with this time for several reasons. First of all, this gives the owner of the foal more time to determine if the young horse has prospects as a producer stallion. Secondly, it allows you to lay down male characteristics, such as muscle structure, strength and character.
Often castration is used to solve organizational problems. Thus, the construction of equestrian infrastructure often implies the joint placement of young horses of both sexes. Therefore, castration at the age of about 12 months has become popular in order to avoid accidental mating during puberty (age from 18 to 24 months).
Each owner himself evaluates the best time to measure his horse. One stallion can break fences already a year to be near mares, while the other will calmly watch them from afar. Others may be sexually obsessed and develop various means of masturbation or self-harm. Also early horses for castration are horses that have premature excess volume, such as a thick neck crest. Such stallions are best castrated at the age of 8 months or even earlier. While other stallions develop sufficient muscle only by the age of 2.
Thus, depending on the behavior and characteristics of each individual, fading can occur from 6 to 24 months of age.
Studies have shown that there is a slight difference in behavior change in humans in horses neutered before puberty (18-24 months), and those who were neutered after puberty. However, horses neutered after puberty tend to retain more stallion behaviors — sex drive, vocalization, and body language — than those that were neutered before puberty.
The castration season often occurs in early spring or late autumn, which helps to avoid the season of flies, which are some problems during wound healing. At the same time, low temperatures reduce swelling. Nevertheless, in the spring and autumn there is often a lot of dirt, which complicates the provision of the necessary sanitary conditions.
Preparation for fading.
Proper operation provides a quick and painless recovery after minor surgical interventions. Before surgery, the horse must be cured of worms and vaccinated. Parasites can steal the nutrients necessary for proper treatment. Each gelding candidate should have at least been vaccinated against Western Encephalomyelitis in horses, Eastern Encephalomyelitis in horses, influenza, rhinopneumonitis, and most importantly, tetanus toxoid. Vaccination should be given at least a month before castration. The veterinarian should be informed of the immunization status of the horse. If the horse does not have a tetanus vaccine, the veterinarian will most likely receive the appropriate vaccination during the operation.
A young horse must have good manners and be accustomed to basic manipulations. A veterinarian should not be exposed to potential injury due to naughty one-year-old stallions.
In addition, the more the horse was introduced in advance to the various necessary manipulations, the less time will be spent on the procedures before and after castration, and the horse will also experience less stress.
Before each measurement, carefully examine each horse to determine what is the norm for this horse. Examine his legs, eyes, facial expression, outer shell. Measure your temperature, heart rate and respiration. Familiarize yourself with the behavior of each horse in a relaxed state, which will help you control the process of the postoperative and recovery periods.
If both testicles are poorly visible in the scrotum sac, it will be necessary to palpate the scrotum to determine if both testicles have lowered completely. Some horses are initially very reluctant to let this part of the body be examined and can kick or break out. Proper handling from birth, or at least well in advance of the picking process, will help reduce the risk of the processor.
When one or both testicles are absent in the scrotum, this is called unilateral or bilateral cryptorchidism. The testicle (s) can be located high in the abdominal cavity or in the inguinal canal, in the area between the stomach and scrotum. A gelding with cryptorchidism requires general anesthesia; the testicle (s) are removed through the inguinal canal, abdominal wall or side.