The art of riding a horse in and out appeared immediately after a person realized that a horse can not only be harnessed, but also ride a horse. Different peoples established control over animals differently. But in most cases, these were all kinds of strict devices – mouthpieces, spurs, pilars and whips, which made it possible in a short time to break the resistance of the animal and force it to submit to the will of man. Greek commander, politician and scientist Xenophon left his followers the doctrine of how to tame and go round horses for the army. Since the middle of the XVII century. to handle horses, thanks to the efforts of Antoine Pluvinel, became softer.
A. Pluvinel attached great importance to the emancipated, natural movements of the horse and obedience, and also proposed a new saddle design, the lack of high bows of which made the horseman’s landing more correct and relaxed. Federico Caprilli, instructor of the Italian cavalry school, not only adopted the methods of A. Pluvinel, but also added his own. He believed that in the arena it is impossible to achieve complete emancipation of the horse, so he spent most of the lessons in the field, while not requiring a high degree of collection from the horse. In the XIX century. great dressage masters appear like Boche and his apprentice James Phyllis. They made a significant contribution to the science of riding, many of the provisions of modern dressage were based on their teachings.
Dressage horses is a classic equestrian sport. For the first time, dressage competitions were included in the program of the V Olympiad, which was held in Stockholm in 1912. Soviet equestrians took part in the Olympic dressage games starting from the XV Olympiad in Helsinki, but success came to our athletes only when the old provisions for horse training and athlete training were revised. Already in 1960, at the XVII Olympic Games in Rome, our athlete S.I. Filatov in personal competition won first place in the Akhal-Teke Absent. In Tokyo, he again won the prize. S.I. Filatov in the individual competition took 3rd place, and the team of Soviet equestrians took 3rd place. Next for our athletes is a streak of successes and victories.
In 1968, in Mexico City I. Kizimov on Ihor of the Ukrainian horse breed won the 1st place in the personal and the 2nd place in the team event; in 1972 in Munich, E. Petushkova on the Ashes of the Trakenens breed – 1st place in the team event and 2nd place in the individual event. In Moscow in 1980, 1st place in the team standings, 2nd and 3rd places in the individual standings were taken by V. Ugryumov at Shkval and Yu. Kovshov at the Player. In Seoul in 1988, the USSR team took 4th place.
Currently, the most powerful Russian athletes in this equestrian sport are E. Sidneva,
N. Menkova, A. Korelova, I. Poturaeva, T. Sleptsova.
For dressage, horses of purebred breeds (Arabian, Akhal-Teke, thoroughbred horse), as well as purebred horses – Trakenen, Holstein, Oldenburg, Hanover, Russian riding, Ukrainian riding, Tersky and half-blood horses are suitable.