How to stir a lazy horse?
Riding a horse that refuses to move forward is like riding a Ferrari without a gas pedal. A sight that is pleasing to the eye, but an occupation is useless. I teach horses to move forward from the leg using three separate signals: a shankel, a sound and a whip.
To get started, find a safe, controlled place to practice (such as a playpen or barrel). Give the horse a reason and do not try to control it. Your only goal is to teach her to move forward from leg pressure!
You familiarize the horse with the “step” signal, and then, when she has learned this lesson, you will begin to move on to other gaits. Ask the horse to move forward, squeezing its sides with both shankels.
If the horse does not answer immediately, give a sound command – smack twice. This warns the horse that further, if she does not move, she will feel uncomfortable. Making a sound that stimulates the horse, continue to squeeze its sides with its legs.
If the horse still does not go forward, slap the dressage whip behind the shankel. You continue to squeeze the sides with the schenkels and begin to gently tap with a whip. If the horse does not respond, you will have to increase the pressure until it moves forward.
As soon as the horse goes, immediately relieve the pressure: stop squeezing the sides, smacking and slapping with a whip. When the horse moves forward at the speed you need, your legs should hang freely. Do not squeeze her sides.
The goal is to ask with the least possible pressure until you get the answer you are looking for. If the horse is lazy, be prepared to make some effort until it moves forward. Lazy horses, when asked to budge, are often beaten off in protest. Therefore, you must be confident enough rider to stay in the saddle and continue to rhythmically work with the whip until your horse does what you ask.
If your horse stops moving, repeat the signals again until it goes forward. Always let the horse make mistakes, and then correct it. This is the only way to teach her to be responsible for her actions.
When the horse moves forward, begin to make transitions from step to stop and again to step, using the stop with one reason. Pulling back both halts to stop the horse, which does not respect pressure, you can make it begin to hang on the halter, resisting the snaffle, begin to raise its head, fight with you, etc. Using one reason gives you more leverage and helps the horse learn to understand the signals of your seat.
Walk about 15 meters, and then make a stop with one reason. Remove the pressure of the shankels from the sides of your horse, sit deep in the saddle, and then move the brush down about and remove it to the hip. Maintain pressure until the horse stops and softens. She must touch her boot, leg, and stirrup with her nose before you give up the occasion.
Ask the horse to go again, using the same squeeze compression, sound and whip. If she responds, moves forward, as soon as you squeeze her schenkels, do not add additional signals. But if the horse does not go, build up pressure.
Practice step-stop transitions until the horse begins to move away from the light tension of the pendants.
The same exercise will later need to be used on a trot and gallop. Get ready: many lazy horses resent and resist when they use a whip.
Clinton Anderson (source).
Exercises to inspire a lazy horse
We have all seen riders kicking a horse in sweat in vain attempts to move it at least a centimeter. The horseman is trying hard, but the horse does not think to answer. Perhaps some of you were also in the place of such a rider, wondering how to move this property.
Despite the fact that some horses are by nature truly calmer than others, most lazy horses are not born as such. Usually they begin to show an aversion to exercise, because the training program may have exceeded their capabilities at one point. As a horse fitness specialist, I often observe this. Regardless of the reason – and, of course, by eliminating possible health problems – the solution is to create a training program that will help eliminate laziness. So how do you motivate a lazy horse?
The definition of word “lazy”
First of all, let’s agree on what we consider “laziness”. A calm horse, which sometimes needs to be revived at the beginning of the lesson, is not considered lazy. A lazy horse will not move even when you constantly use your legs and a whip, you can also name the lazy one that gives you the feeling that you are working more than she does.
A strong horse in good physical shape, whose muscles are adequately provided with oxygen, due to good blood circulation, very rarely shows resistance to exercise or is lazy.